A mammogram is an X-Ray of the breast using low doses of radiation. Breast tomosynthesis uses high-powered computing to convert digital breast images into a stack of very thin layers or “slices” that are used to build a “3-dimensional mammogram”. During the tomosynthesis part of the exam, the X-Ray arm sweeps in a slight arc over the breast, taking multiple breast images in a few seconds. The software then produces a 3D image of the breast tissue in one millimeter of layers. A benefit of a Low Radiation 3D Mammogram compared to a standard digital mammogram is that less compression is required, so patients tend to feel more comfortable.
Digital Ultrasound imaging, also known as sonography, is used to produce images from inside your body by using high frequency sound waves. The reflected sound wave echoes are recorded and built into a real-time visual image. No X-Rays are involved in Digital Ultrasound imaging.
Obstetric Ultrasound is the specialized use of sound waves to visualize and diagnose the status of a pregnant woman and her baby. Ultrasound is a useful tool to examine many of the body’s internal organs, including the heart and blood vessels, liver, kidneys, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, uterus, bladder, ovaries and breasts. Because ultrasound images are produced in real-time, they show blood flow and the movement of tissues and organs.
Bone density scanning, also known as Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) or bone densitometry, is a specialized form of X-Ray technology that measures bone loss. DEXA of the spine and hip bones measures bone mineral density (BMD). Bone Densitometry is used as a preventive tool for osteoporosis (which involves low bone strength and a higher likelihood of bone fractures).
A biopsy is a medical procedure that removes cells or tissues for microscopic examination. The tissue sample is obtained with a small needle or biopsy device, which requires a small skin incision. Image guidance, such as ultrasound or CT, can be used to help target the biopsy location. No general anesthesia is needed - rather a local anesthetic can be used. The procedure is usually pain-free, but some patients experience a mild discomfort.